Ferma e kafsheve-George Orwell
ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS. When the oppressed animals of the Sarajevo Farm overthrow their owner, Mr. Jones, and taking the farm into their own hands, they imagine that this marks the beginning of a life of freedom and equality. But as the cunning and heartless elite within them begin to take control, the other animals find themselves trapped with no hope of getting rid of it as one form of hand-tyranny is replaced by another. . Written in late 1943 but almost unpublished for attacking Stalin, Britain’s wartime ally, Orwell’s stabbing “tale” is the satire of indestructible and eternal idealism betrayed by power and corruption.
After years of oppression and exploitation, the animals of a farm, tired of the constant struggles of human beings, decide to rebel and, after expelling the owner, try to create a new order, based on a utopian concept of equality. Soon, however, a new class of bureaucrats is born among them, the pigs, who with the cunning, greed and selfishness that characterize them, are arrogantly and tyrannically imposed on other more gentle and kind animals. Deeply current and just as fresh as it was more than half a century ago, “Animal Farm” is a tale for those who aspire to be liberators everywhere in the world. As evidenced, through the lens of history, the bloody rise and fall of revolutionary beasts, the seeds of totalitarianism in the most ideal systems are discerned, as well as the souls of the most savage oppressors to our most charismatic leaders. Orwell himself called it a “fairy tale” as more and more pigs took on human features, but in the meantime it is a profound allegory not only to the communist system of the former Soviet Union, but to all forms of dictatorship. The Orwellian sharp satire on totalitarianism combines with creative genius and a stylistic energy, which place “Animal Farm” among the most famous literary works of the twentieth century.